Bone Mineral Density
A bone mineral density scan (sometimes called a DEXA scan – Dual Energy X ray Absorptiometry)
measures bone density. This examination uses the most advanced technology to determine the
health of bones. The scan is done standardly on the lower back and one of the hips. In certain
instances the forearm can be included in the examination.
What is Osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis is a condition in which bones become fragile
and brittle, leading to a higher risk of fractures (breaks). This risk
increases with age, and 1 in 2 women and 1 in 3 men over the age
of 60 are at risk of an osteoporotic fracture (www.osteoporosis.
org.au). Osteoporosis is both preventable and treatable and
treatment is more successful when bone loss is detected at the
How is this examination performed?
A BMD examination is performed in a comfortable, painless
setting with no injections and very low radiation dose.
• You will need to book in for this examination with a referral
from your doctor.
• There is no preparation but you should not have this done
within 7 days of having another Medical Imaging examination
that requires an injection of contrast
• You will be asked to change into an examination gown to
prevent metal and other artefacts on the image.
• The entire procedure takes approximately 15 to 20 minutes to complete although real
scanning time is only 2-3 minutes
• The results will be sent to your referring doctor and you will get a copy of the report with
your images (to be picked up after 24 - 48 hrs )
• Our Hologic system can compare previous bone density results from different equipment
so please bring any previous scans with you
Do I have to pay for this?
At Sunshine Coast Radiology we bulk bill Medicare eligible Bone Densitometry services.
The following chart is a Bone Densitometry rebatable code schedule:
- Fracture after minimal trauma
- Monitoring of proven low bone mineral density
- • Prolonged glucocorticoid therapy (at least 4 months) + current
- • Conditions associated with glucocorticoid secretion (immunosuppression)
- • Male hypogonadism: low serum testosterone
- • Female hypogonadism 6 months before age 45
- • Primary hyperparathyroidism
- • Chronic liver/kidney disease
- • Proven malabsorptive disorders (Vit D/Fat)
- • Rheumatoid arthritis
- • Conditions associated with thyroxine excess (thyrotoxic myopathy, thyroiditis i.e Graves, Hashimoto’s)
- • Histologically proven Coeliac disease
- 12 months following significant change in therapy of Osteoporosis medication for established low bone mineral density
||Every 5 years
- Persons over 70 years of age:
- • Initial Screening test
- • T score down to -1.5 (mild to moderate osteopaenia)
||Every 2 years
- Persons over 70 years of age
- • Tscore -1.6 to -2.5 (moderate to marked osteopaenia)
If none of these apply, a non-rebatable fee of $95.00 will be charged.